DNA Confirms Biden Link to Galway
Ireland loves to claim her own, so President Biden — who’s conspicuously proud of his 5/8 Irish ancestry — is a source of pride for many in the land of his ancestors. I first explored his heritage before he became Vice President, and later shared some of my findings in Irish America when he was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2013. My research on his mother’s side of the family led to the Cooley Peninsula in County Louth and Ballina in County Mayo, where I was fortunate enough to find his Blewitt cousins. But what about that remaining 1/8 that stemmed from his father’s side?
The name in question was Hanafy and it was the 1870 census for his great-grandmother, Mary A. Hanafy, that revealed that her parents had been born in Ireland. I tried to push back further, but as most genealogists know, crossing the pond to Ireland — especially for Famine era and earlier — is an iffy proposition, so this branch of the family tree remained stalled.
Over the years, I’ve heard from a number of people regarding Joe Biden, and when he emerged as the front runner in the presidential election, these inquiries surged. Some have a surname and location in common so are hoping for proof of a connection, while others claim to be his cousin. Many turn out to be wishful thinking, but you never know, so I was intrigued when I received an email declaring a relationship to the Hanafy line. Having just lost my father, I had other priorities, but a few months later was ready to take a closer look.
Wanted: My Missing Family
As often happens, what had been sent supported the notion of a relationship, but fell shy of proving it. Still, there was a promising source citation for a much beloved resource in the genealogical community: Irish Relatives and Friends From “Information Wanted” Ads in the Irish-American, 1850–1871.
Back in the 1800s, it was depressingly easy for immigrants to lose track of one another. No phones or internet, and many weren’t literate, so mail wasn’t always an option. And even if it were, immigrants tended to move frequently in a constant quest for lower rent, so if your sister’s letter giving you her new address arrived after your latest move, tough luck. You just lost each other.
Well, not quite. Enter want ads. Not for jobs or dates, but for friends and family. Because many Irish names are so common, those who submitted them provided plenty of personal information to maximize the chance that this or that detail would ring a bell with someone — anyone — who happened to read it. Think of it as a 19th century version of six-degrees-of-Kevin-Bacon.
The citation included was for one of these ads, so I ferreted out its original version in the newspaper to eliminate the possibility of any transcription errors. It looked like a fit. If you glance back at the 1870 census above, you’ll see that the names of the immigrants were John and Mary “Hanniffey” (I’ll leave you to imagine how many different ways you can spell this name), and the timing meshed.
I wanted it to be true because the ad mentioned a specific place — Ballinacourty (helpfully noted as being near Oranmore) in County Galway — but couldn’t be sure. Mary’s sisters, who had placed it, named her husband once as John and then as Thomas just a few words later, so accuracy was an issue. And they were expecting to find Mary’s family in Kentucky, whereas the paper trail showed them in West Virginia with Ohio-born children. Granted, it was the same general vicinity of states, but there was just enough conflicting information to inject doubt.
DNA to the Rescue
My next thought was to try to link everyone through Irish documents, but I knew the drill. Catholic church records in Ireland are patchy for the relevant time frame, and if they had been available, surely someone in the family would have already connected all the dots. Still, I dug in and pieced together some interesting details, resulting in a theory that President Biden’s great-great-grandfather, John Hanafy, was the brother of a man named Thady (aka Timothy) whose descendants still live in the area today. If not living across the Atlantic during a global pandemic, I might have been able to arrange for research in local repositories to try to solidify the kinship, but circumstances limited me to what I could access online. So now what?
Of course: DNA. As it happens, I had been contacted by this family once before back in 2016 when I was furnishing then-Vice President Biden’s staff with research for his trip to Ireland. Fortunately, I had suggested DNA testing at the time and they had followed through, so I took another dive — this time into the genetic data.
Once again, the case looked strong, but fell short of proof. In a nutshell, a group of Irish Hanniffys (A) were related to a group of American Hanafys (B) who claimed President Biden (C) as a cousin. As I scrutinized the assorted genetic cousins, I found ample substantiation that A and B were related, but that wasn’t the same as proving that C also linked to them.
And then I turned to a woman with a stubby family tree who was related to both the A and B clusters. By this point, I was far from optimistic as I had researched so many genetic cousins who fit this same description, but hope springs eternal, so I methodically traced the branches of her tree back and was thrilled to discover that this person was indeed related to President Biden. I finally had evidence connecting A, B and C. I continued to work the data to further convince myself and came away satisfied.
It wasn’t long ago that President Biden, while nominating Marty Walsh for Secretary of Labor, mentioned approvingly that he was the son of Irish immigrants. “The only downside,” he joked, “they’re not from Mayo, they’re from Galway.” Well, now he can add Galway to his own ancestry mix. Should he visit Ballinacourty Hill in Maree, he can visit the homestead that remains in Hanniffy family hands today (a third cousin once removed lives there), and meet yet another batch of welcoming Irish cousins.